Stimulating Citizens Participation to Recycle Processes through the Implementation of Benefits Systems
|Benefit As you Save - BAS|
|Specific Objective||Sustainable Territories|
|Call||1st Call for Project Proposals|
|Lead Partner||Municipality of Vari-Voula-Vouliagmeni|
Municipality of Sofia
Municipality of Filadelfeia – Chalkidona
Municipality of Limassol
Environmental Center for Development Education and Networking
Municipality of Tirana
Entrepreneurial Information Centre for SME development in the cross border region Bitola
University "St. Kliment Ohridski" – Bitola, Faculty of Technology and Technical Sciences-Veles
Ultimate goal of the strategy is to institute direct incentives to citizens according to their contribution to waste separate selection at source. Thus action plans will be developed in each partner area based on a common methodology, defining the process of separate selection and collection, the way of citizens participation, the type of benefits and the way these will be returned to citizens. Action plans will be pilot implemented to evaluate and to measure the results and incorporate them to local strategies for an effective solid waste management. A 20% increase of recycle percentage and enhancement of environmental awareness are expected. The main outputs are the local action plans and practices based on "Benefit As You Save" (BAS) systems and a networking platform firstly among the partner areas, with the view to be enlarged with new stakeholders since BAS practices will meet widely acceptance.
Local societies and economies in partner areas will benefit since the increase of recycle percentage will drop local expenses for solid waste management. In addition, a slight improvement of income of citizens actively participating in local recycle activities is expected. The transnational dimension concerns joint development of BAS systems and testing of their effectiveness in different conditions. The innovation approach is a Balkan version of Pay As You Throw systems in municipal waste management. In Central and West Europe, municipal taxes are calculated with PAYT systems, depending on the quantities of mixed waste disposed of by households.
The current situation of Balkan countries doesn't permit to directly implement PAYT: Tax systems, low level of culture concerning separate selection at source, lack of recycling infrastructures covering the whole residence areas, a negative attitude against everything appears as a new tax are some of the difficulties to implement PAYT systems. In contrast BAS systems could overcome these problems. The project added value is not only development of a new recycling practice, but far beyond this, an 18-month application and testing of the innovative concept/project results.